Corporate Law is the area of law focusing on the legal methods of obtaining an official charter or articles of incorporation from the state for an organization, which may be a profit-making business, a professional business such as a law office or medical office or a non-profit entity which operates for charitable, social, religious, civic or other public service purposes and the legal ramifications of such an organization-business formation law. Corporations are governed by state corporation laws. Other laws that govern business operations include consumer protection law, contract laws, labor and employment law, anti-trust and trade regulation laws, securities, and others that deal with the day-to-day operations of a corporation.
How are corporations different from other business entities?
Unlike other business entities, corporations are treated separate from their stockholders because legally speaking, the corporation is a separate legal entitity from its stockholders. This is why corporations can sue and be sued without any personal liability on the stockholders' part. Corporations are also taxed separately from their stockholders, creating a double-taxation situation-the corporation paying taxes, and the individual stockholders also paying taxes. But corporations are typically taxed at a lower rate than their stockholders. Transferring stocks and shares of stock is fairly easy in a corporation and if a shareholder dies, the corporation doesn't.
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